The main difference between “block” languages and “real” languages? Block languages let kids create things without having to learn syntax and other details. They can graduate to languages with syntax more easily when they understand basic programming concepts.
Also note these languages work for parents who want to learn and play with their kids, as well as kids who want to learn at their own speed.
Alice teaches programming concepts as kids create animated movies with its friendly interface and storytelling.
This software programming language for education to build Android applications with a drag and drop visual environment.
Made with the Codea iPad application, a game to teach programming concepts.
Code with Bolt
Bolt is a complete language that runs entirely (and safely) in the browser. It’s a language explicitly designed for kids, and comes with worked examples that map to the UK curriculum for KS 2/3 and beyond.
Daisy the Dinosaur
An iPad app from the people who bring you Hopscotch.
Erase All Kittens (E.A.K.)
An amusing story makes it easy for kids to learn about HTML and the coding process.
Requires a little more effort but this is a more professional game development system.
Teaches computer science concepts around coding.
An educational iPad game providing a kid friendly introduction to programming concepts and problem solving to kids 5 and up.
From Microsoft, this visual programming language works on the PC and XBox.
From 1960s, a language geared towards children and serious adult computing. Ideas are incorporated into Scratch, Move the Turtle, and other languages.
A small team of educators and programmers in the US and Finland make it easy for kids to build and learn with Minecraft.
Move the Turtle
This iPad application teaches programming concepts and coding in a highly visual way.
Create your own games, apps, and music videos with this Android app.
RAPTOR is a flowchart-based programming environment, designed specifically to help students visualize their algorithms.
Kids learn logic, computer science, and robotics by building a robot.
From Microsoft, a cut down version of Basic to teach programming to kids and adults. Includes lots of tutorials. For Windows computers.
A port of Scratch, from the University of California at Berkeley.
Programming language for Sphero robots, which are also fun.
Uses a visual programming language to create cross-platform applications for almost any platform. Stencyl software works on Mac, Windows, and Ubuntu/Linux.
Kids can play and have fun while learning the basics of coding plus problem solving, critical thinking, and other skills.
Geared towards the wee ones, little kids, who can create really neat artwork and other fun stuff.
This software programming language for education is a hosted drag and drop programming tailored towards classroom teaching of programming and computer science. Also have an iPad version of their curriculum.
Waterbear is a toolkit for making programming more accessible and fun.
World of Codecraft
A project from North Carolina State University in Raleigh.
Top image nicked from Hopscotch website.