Preparing for your Digital Mitzvah

As students reach the age of 13 the importance of them understanding their rights and privacy online becomes crucial.

When I first introduce the concept, I usually get a lot of quizzical looks. Wait! A digital mitzvah? Hold up, are we having a party? Well, sadly there is no party associated with a digital mitzvah. However like its counterpart, it is an important milestone for every thirteen year old.

When you teach in a middle school, the Jewish tradition of the Bar/Bat Mitzvah is a big event for seventh graders. As Jewish young men and women are turning twelve or thirteen, they have a ceremony and a party to celebrate their coming of age into adulthood. However, along with the party and the dancing comes quite a bit of responsibility. A digital mitzvah is no different.

A digital mitzvah also happens when students turn thirteen.  Every time they sign in to a new app or online service a small checkbox asks them to verify their age. When they are finally old enough to click Yes and continue, young people enter a world where they no longer are guaranteed privacy online.

So why exactly are students required to click this box, and what does it mean for their digital lives?  The reason online companies must verify their users’ age dates all the way back to 1999 when COPPA (Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act) was enacted in the United States.  This Act gave anyone under the age of 13 the right to not be tracked or have their data collected. It also gave online companies the burden of querying their users and making sure that only “adults” were allowed to use their service.

But, this act certainly begs the question – Are thirteen year olds really adults? Do Twelve Year Olds on the cusp of the “digital mitzvah” understand the length to which their location data, photographs, search history, and posts will be forever collected and cataloged? In my experience, this answer is a resounding no. In 2017, The UK Children’s Commissioner found that roughly 0% of teenagers read and understand the terms of service for apps like Instagram and Snapchat. Moreover, most young internet explorers will simply click the age verification checkbox and move on without thinking twice.  I had a twelve-year-old student tell me point blank, “I think I’ve been thirteen since I was 7.”

So recently in my 8th grade classes, we have been completing a project-based unit on app design aimed at bringing younger students up to speed on privacy.  Using source material from Data Detox Kit, a website on privacy and security, they were tasked with building an app that helps young people learn the ropes about data before getting roped in.

While many apps were focused on teaching the subtle art of creating long, unique, and random passwords, other projects focused on understanding terms of service and website trackers. The website Terms of Service; Didn’t Read was another great resource for highlighting the privacy tradeoffs of social media sites such as Instagram, TikTok, and Snapchat.  One of my students decided to use his app to teach students about dark patterns or subtle psychological tricks websites use such as a roach motel, a site which makes it easy to get into a situation online but extremely difficult or impossible to get out, for example, paying for a magazine subscription.

When the apps were rolled out to our 6th grade students, the students found the experience fun and sometimes enlightening.  However, after serving as beta testers and giving reviews of the app to the developer, most 6th graders said that they felt more informed, but it wouldn’t stop them from signing up for a service like TikTok.  Even though their digital mitzvah was rapidly approaching, students didn’t feel much different about how corporations collect their data or manipulate their privacy.

In the end, it will take more than an app to make young internet users more privacy aware; however, I saw the most growth from some of my 8th grade designers. Spending a few weeks immersed in the world of website trackers, dark patterns, and terms of service gave them a new perspective on the free culture of the internet.  Being an adult in the world of phones, apps, and social media is a moment definitely worth celebrating, but it also carries with it quite a bit of responsibility. While they will always be the internet generation, hopefully understanding the compromises involved will give them pause and make them more privacy-conscious consumers  in the future.

Learn More

COPPA definition


Complying with COPPA

COPPA Minimum Age Requirements



  • Tim McGuigan

    Tim McGuigan teaches middle school Computer Science and Robotics and is the Farrell Chair for Innovation at Shady Side Academy.

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